CONNECTIONS
Part 6 Dugald Livingstone, by Andrew Boyd
The second of the Scottish - Red Devils managers connections



 

As I said previously William Sturrock Maxwell was not unique as a Scotsman to manage the Belgian national side - the other was Dugald (Dougie) Livingstone. Following a quite ordinary playing career, including spells with Celtic and Everton, Dougie finds himself as manager of the Irish Republic, Belgium and Newcastle United. He will, perhaps, be more familiar with some of you as the manager who was in charge of Belgium for the 1954 World Cup finals. But first we start at the begining...

Dugald (Dougie, Doug) Livingstone was born in Alexandria, Dumbartonshire, on 25th February 1898. Having played, at full-back, for Ashfield Juniors Doug appears to have impressed scouts from Celtic sufficiently to secure a move to Parkhead in January 1917. Doug made his Celtic debut on 18th August against Ayr United in a 4-0 win at Parkhead. Doug made 13 appearances as part of the league winning side in season 1918-19. In all he appeared 47 times for Celtic before moving to Everton in 1921.

Everton websites list him as Duggie and that he joined them on 3rd September 1921. During his time with Toffees he played alongside William Ralph 'Dixie' Dean, who would later terrorise Belgium and WS Maxwell. During his 4 and a half years at Everton Doug made 95 League and 5 FA Cup appearances. 

Doug then joins Plymouth Argyle on 6th February 1926. Doug spends 18 months with Plymouth making 22 League appearances in Division Three South. Doug then moves to Aberdeen where he spends three seasons and helps the Dons to third place in 1929-30. After Aberdeen Doug again heads south this time to Tranmere Rovers. Tranmere were in Division Three North at the time, he appears 88 times in League games and 8 FA Cup ties in three years. Doug retires from playing at the end of season 1932-33 to join Exeter City as trainer.
 
His next move is to Sheffield United, as assistant manager to Ted Davison, in 1936. In all he spends 13 years in Sheffield, 10 with United & 3 with Wednesday, before moving to Holland. I can only assume that he joined Sparta Rotterdam as assistant manager, or coach, as he is not named as a former manager. His time abroad appears to have been noticed as his next move creates history.
 
Ireland become the first country to secure the services of Dugald Livingstone as a manager. In 1951 Doug becomes the first foreign manager of, what is now, the Republic of Ireland national team. Details of his time in charge are difficult to confirm as it appears he was working with a team of 'selectors'. It appears that he only worked with the players that were selected for him. However he appears to have been in charge for the notable 3-2 victory over West Germany on 17th October 1951. In the return match on 4th May 1952 the Germans take revenge by winning 3-0 to start a dreadful month for Ireland. On 7th May Austria win 6-0 and then on 1st June Spain win 6-0. In 1 month Ireland played, and lost, 3 matches and lost 15 goals without scoring. The next match is against France on 16th November and finishes 1-1 (the referee is named Alsten from Belgium). Livingstone last takes charge of Ireland on 25th March 1953 with a 4-0 win against Austria.
 
And so we come to Belgium. His first match is a World Cup Qualifier between Belgium and Finland on 23rd September 1953. The match takes place at the Heysel Stadium and finished in a 2-2 draw. As we know Belgium qualified for the 1954 World Cup Finals in Switzerland (Scotland also qualified). On 17th June, at St Jakob Stadium Basle, Belgium open with a remarkable 4-4 draw with England, The match finished 3-3 after 90 minutes but the tournament rules of the time meant that extra-time had to be played. Despite each group having 4 teams, Belgium would only play 1 more match a 1-4 defeat from Italy on 20th June at Cornaredo Stadium Lugano. The last of his 13 matches in charge of Belgium came on 11th November 1954 against France, at the Olympic Colombes Stadium Paris, in a 2-2 draw.
 
His next move is another for football quiz makers. Who was the manager of Newcastle United when they last won the FA Cup?
 

On the picture Livingstone is standing away from the players wearing the raincoat


Duggie Livingstone was in charge of Newcastle United for the first time on 1st January 1955, and what a start. Newcastle find themselves 4-0 down to Sheffield United early in the match at Bramall Lane. The match eventually finishes 6-2 in the hosts favour to start an astonishing year in the life of Doug. A little over 5 months later Doug was 'in  charge' of the Newcastle team at Wembley for the FA Cup Final. The real story of the day came when Doug gave the Newcastle directors his team selection for the Final. Missing from his team was the name of Jackie Millburn. The directors took one look at his team and tore it up adding Millburn to the starting 11. On 7th May 1955 Newcastle United faced Manchester City in the FA Cup Final with Newcastle winning 3-1. The Newcastle goals were scored by Millburn, Mitchell and Hannah. In fact 'Wor' Jackie Millburn scored after 45 seconds to prove the directors right, and Livingstone wrong. After this Doug is demoted to working with the reserves, BUT is still credited with being 1st team manager until January 1956. In 99 matches 'in charge' he oversaw 43 wins, 36 defeats and 20 draws. The last word however relates to his, often, unpopular training methods. Charlie Crowe, a Newcastle player of the time, once said that Livingstone was "a nutcase, wanted us to climb ropes. I told him I'd climb it if it made me tackle or head a ball better".
 
In January 1956 he moves to Fulham and an early meeting with Newcastle. On 28th January Fulham faced Newcastle in an FA Cup 4th round tie. Newcastle won 5-4 on their way to the quarter-finals, where they lost 0-2 to Sunderland. Another big game of some note is the FA Cup semi-final of 1958, Fulham faced the Manchester United side decimated by the Munich disaster. At Villa Park on 22nd March, just 6 weeks after the disaster, Fulham and Man United played out a 2-2 draw. In the replay at Highbury, just 4 days later, Man United won 5-3 to reach the Final. He appears to have been popular at Fulham with the board keen to extend his contract at the end of the 1957-58 season. His wife was unable to settle in London and he had to turn down the offer.
 
His last managerial appointment is with Chesterfield, where his style of management is again met with mixed reactions. Doug is said to have conducted coaching sessions from the back of the main stand using a mega-phone. The players found this strange but the directors quite liked his style of management. In November 1958 Doug makes a significant contribution to football in England - Gordon Banks is handed his 1st team debut. Just 8 months later and Banks is sold to Leicester City for the princely sum of £7000 (I have checked there are no more 0s to be added!). Livingstone stays in charge of Chesterfield until the end of the 1961-62 season and his retirement from football.
 
Dugald Livingstone died in Marlow, England on 15th January 1981.  
 
 
*In 1951 both Northern and the Republic were known as Ireland and could only be identified by the association name - Irish Football Association is Northern, Football Association Ireland is Republic.   
*The other foreign managers of the FAI are: Jack Charlton 1986-95 and Giovanni Trappattoni 13th February 2008.
*Scotland played Austria on 16th June 1954 at the Hardturm Stadium Zurich. This match had Lauren Franken of Belgium as the referee. Scotland lost 0-1.